News

News

Biodesign researchers offer new approach to small-cell lung cancer treatment with oncolytic virotherapy

April 30, 2019 | News

Intensive investigations into the nature of cancer have given rise to innovative and unorthodox approaches to this deadly affliction. A recent and exciting avenue of cancer treatment involves targeting malignant cells with specialized viruses that can kill cancer cells while ignoring healthy tissue, a technique known as “oncolytic virotherapy.” The process involves administering an oncolytic virus, which infects and breaks down cancer cells but does not harm healthy self-cells. This...

Finding answers to cancer in the cosmos

April 25, 2019 | News

When it comes to new diagnostics and treatments for cancer, researchers across the world are gaining traction. Now, scientists at the Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery (CASD) are turning to outer space to understand the inner workings of a cancer-linked protein, known as Taspase 1. In conjunction with NASA and the National Cancer Institute, the CASD team plans to grow crystals under the conditions of microgravity in low earth orbit. The ultimate goal is to use this method to...

A good night’s sleep may be in sight

April 24, 2019 | News

A third of all Americans have difficulty with sleeping, and many of them turn to melatonin supplements to catch some Zs. However, scientists don’t fully understand melatonin’s role in the biological clock, which has made it difficult to develop drugs for sleep disorders without several side effects. Now, an international team of scientists has shed much-needed light on melatonin’s effects, opening the door to the development of new drugs for sleep disorders — and other health...

Using DNA templates to harness the sun’s energy

April 23, 2019 | News

As the world struggles to meet the increasing demand for energy, coupled with the rising levels of CO2 in the atmosphere from deforestation and the use of fossil fuels, photosynthesis in nature simply cannot keep up with the carbon cycle. But what if we could help the natural carbon cycle by learning from photosynthesis to generate our own sources of energy that didn't generate CO2? Artificial photosynthesis does just that, harnessing the sun's energy to generate fuel in ways that minimize CO2...

Proofreading the book of life: gene editing made safer

April 23, 2019 | News

The advance of science is something like the wandering of an explorer through an uncharted jungle. Often, the dense undergrowth can seem impenetrable, but at certain privileged moments, a clearing opens, and an entirely new landscape emerges.                                    Something like this is occurring in the...

Beuses' $10 million gift to build world’s first-of-its-kind X-ray laser lab at ASU

April 18, 2019 | News

Through their generous philanthropic investments, Leo and Annette Beus have already made a lasting ASU impact. They have changed the face of the downtown Phoenix landscape with the addition of the Beus Center for Law and Society, supported Sun Devil Athletics and provided numerous scholarships to increase student access to a college education. Now, with a new $10 million investment, the Beuses want to help shape the future of medicine and improve the lives of others. Their ever-deepening ASU...

MURI award brings ASU to the forefront of emergent computing

April 17, 2019 | News

What do you get when you combine computer science, physics, robotics and nanotechnology? The opportunity to advance the fundamental understanding of how tiny computer particles can work together to do great things — without any human intervention. Arizona State University Professor Andrea Richa is part of a U.S. Department of Defense Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative effort that seeks to make these fundamental research discoveries in the project “Formal Foundations of...

Epigenetic study reveals potential for earlier diagnosis in Parkinson’s disease

April 16, 2019 | News

Parkinson’s disease, a neurodegenerative disorder, largely affects movement and causes irreversible neuronal damage. It may start with a tremor or it may be manifested in a speech problem; however, by the time symptoms are evident, it is too late to halt the course of the disease.  PD originates from the loss of neurons releasing dopamine. Because these neurons control coordination in movement, their loss results in a multitude of movement-related deficiencies. Although there is...

New techniques may detect CTE in brains of living former NFL players

April 10, 2019 | News

When you search online for “CTE and NFL,” you’ll find a list of 54 professional football players who have died, and were diagnosed with the degenerative brain disease chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE – names like Frank Gifford, Ken Stabler, Bubba Smith and Andre Waters. It’s a smart guess that hundreds more are unaccounted for. Next, you’ll see a list of living ex-NFL players including Brett Favre, Bernie Kosar and Jim McMahon, who have been diagnosed with “likely...

Autism symptoms reduced nearly 50% two years after fecal transplant

April 9, 2019 | News

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about one in every 59 children in the U.S. is diagnosed with autism, up from one in every 150 in 2000. They report that “about half a million people on the autism spectrum will become adults over the next decade, a swelling tide for which the country is unprepared.”  The apparent rise in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its stubborn resistance to treatment has spurred a legion of researchers to enter the field...