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Corresponding author(s) is underlined. *These authors contributed equally.


  1. Reus JB, Trivino-Soto GS, Wu LI, Kokott K, Lim ES. SV40 large T antigen is not responsible for the loss of STING in 293T cells but can inhibit cGAS-STING interferon induction. Viruses. 12, 137. abstract/full text
  2. Yaron JR, Ambadapadi S, Zhang L, Chavan RN, Tibbetts SA, Keinan S, Varsani A, Maldonado J, Kraberger S, Tafoya AM, Bullard WL, Kilbourne J, Stern-Harbutte A, Krajmalnik-Brown R, Munk BH, Koppang EO, Lim ES, Lucas AR. Immune protection is dependent on the gut microbiome in a lethal mouse gammaherpesviral infection. Scientific Reports. 10(1):2371. abstract/full text
  3. Holland LA*, Kaelin EA*, Maqsood R, Estifanos B, Wu LI, Varsani A, Halden RU, Hogue BG, Scotch M, Lim ES. An 81 base-pair deletion in SARS-CoV-2 ORF7a identified from sentinel surveillance in Arizona (Jan-Mar 2020). medRxiv. abstract/full text


  1. Maqsood R*, Rodgers R*, Rodriguez C, Handley SA, Ndao IM, Tarr PI, Warner BB, Lim ES, Holtz LR. Discordant transmission of bacteria and viruses from mothers to babies at birth. Microbiome. 7(1):156. abstract/full text
    - Bacteria and viruses are not inherited equally from mother to child at birth. Video abstract
    - Mother-baby microbiome rush at birth can have lifelong health impact for the infant. press release
  2. Seth RK, Maqsood R, Mondal A, Bose D, Kimono D, Holland LA, Lloyd PJ, Klimas N, Horner RD, Sullivan K, Lim ES, Chatterjee S. Gut DNA virome diversity and its association with host bacteria regulate inflammatory phenotype and neuronal immunotoxicity in experimental Gulf War illness. Viruses. 11(10). abstract/full text 
          - Scientists find solution to Gulf War Illness in FDA-approved antiviral drugs. press release


  1. Lim ES, Rodriguez C, Holtz LR. Amniotic fluid from healthy term pregnancies does not harbor a detectable microbial community. Microbiome. 6(1):87. abstract/full text
  2. Peretti A, Geoghegan EM, Pastrana DV, Smola S, Feld P, Sauter M, Lohse S, Ramesh M, Lim ES, Wang D, Borgogna C, FitzGerald PC, Bliskovsky V, Starrett GJ, Law EK, Harris RS, Killian JK, Zhu J, Pineda M, Meltzer PS, Boldorini R, Gariglio M, Buck CB. (2018) Characterization of BK polyomaviruses from kidney transplant recipients suggests a role for APOBEC3 in driving in-host virus evolution. Cell Host and Microbe. 23(5):628–635. abstract/full text


  1. Reddy KC, Dror T, Sowa JN, Panek J, Chen K, Lim ES, Wang D, Troemel ER. (2017) An Intracellular Pathogen Response Pathway Promotes Proteostasis in C. elegans. Current Biology. 27(22):3544-3553. abstract/full text
  2. Amatya R, Deem SL, Porton IJ, Wang D, Lim ES. (2017) Complete Genome Sequence of Torque teno indri virus 1, a Novel Anellovirus in Blood from a Free-Living Lemur. Genome Announc. 5(30). abstract/full text
  3. Baldauf HM, Stegmann L, Schwarz SM, Ambiel I, Trotard M, Martin M, Burggraf M, Lenzi GM, Lejk H, Pan X, Fregoso OI, Lim ES, Abraham L, Nguyen LA, Rutsch F, König R, Kim B, Emerman M, Fackler OT, Keppler OT. (2017)
    Vpx overcomes a SAMHD1-independent block to HIV reverse transcription that is specific to resting CD4 T cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 114(10):2729-2734. abstract/full text
  4. Janowski AB, Krishnamurthy SR, Lim ES, Zhao G, Brenchley JM, Barouch DH, Thakwalakwa C, Manary MJ, Holtz LR, Wang D. (2017) Statoviruses, A novel taxon of RNA viruses present in the gastrointestinal tracts of diverse mammals. Virology. 504:36-44. abstract/full text
  5. Zhao G, Wu G, Lim ES, Droit L, Krishnamurthy S, Barouch DH, Virgin HW, Wang D. (2017) VirusSeeker, a computational pipeline for virus discovery and virome composition analysis. Virology. 503:21-30. abstract/full text
  6. Lim ES, Brennan DC. (2017) A Snapshot of Antibody-Mediated Rejection Goes Viral. Transplantation. 101(2):227. full text


Lim ES, Wang D, Holtz LR. (2016) The Bacterial Microbiome and Virome Milestones of Infant Development. 
Trends Microbiol. 24(10):801-10. abstract/full text Monaco CL, Gootenberg DB, Zhao G, Handley SA, Ghebremichael MS, Lim ES, Lankowski A, Baldridge MT, Wilen CB, Flagg M, Norman JM, Keller BC, Luévano JM, Wang D, Boum Y, Martin JN, Hunt PW, Bangsberg DR, Siedner MJ, Kwon DS, Virgin HW. (2016) Altered Virome and Bacterial Microbiome in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Associated Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Cell Host Microbe. 19(3):311-22. abstract/full text
      - Previewed by Palmer BE, Li SX, Lozupone CA. The HIV-Associated Enteric Microbiome Has Gone Viral. Cell Host Microbe.
        19(3):270-272. abstract/full text


  1. Lim ES, Zhou Y, Zhao G, Bauer IK, Droit L, Ndao IM, Warner BB, Tarr PI, Wang D, Holtz LR. (2015) Early life dynamics of the human gut virome and bacterial microbiome in infants. Nat Med. 21(10):1228-34. abstract/full textPMC article
    Highlighted in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology. abstract/full text Featured in This Week in Virology (TWiV #355): Baby's first virome. podcast link
  2. Lim ES, Deem SL, Porton IJ, Cao S, Wang D. (2015) Species-specific transmission of novel picornaviruses in lemurs. J Virol. 89(7):4002-10. abstract/full text


  1. Lim ES, Meinerz NM, Primi B, Wang D, Garcea RL. (2014) Common exposure to STL polyomavirus during childhood. Emerg Infect Dis. 20(9):1559-61. abstract/full text
  2. Lim ES, Cao S, Holtz LR, Antonio M, Stine OC, Wang D. (2014) Discovery of rosavirus 2, a novel variant of a rodent-associated picornavirus, in children from The Gambia. Virology. 454-455:25-33. abstract/full text


Lim ES, Reyes A, Antonio M, Saha D, Ikumapayi UN, Adeyemi M, Stine OC, Skelton R, Brennan DC, Mkakosya RS, Manary MJ, Gordon JI, Wang D. (2013) Discovery of STL polyomavirus, a polyomavirus of ancestral recombinant origin that encodes a unique T antigen by alternative splicing. Virology. 436(2):295-303. Virology. 436(2):295-303.


  1. Siebrasse EA, Reyes A, Lim ES, Zhao G, Mkakosya RS, Manary MJ, Gordon JI, Wang D. (2012) Identification of MW polyomavirus, a novel polyomavirus in human stool. J Virol. 86(19):10321-6. abstract/full text
  2. Lim ES, Wu LI, Malik HS, Emerman M. (2012) The function and evolution of the restriction factor Viperin in primates was not driven by lentiviruses. Retrovirology. 9:55. abstract/full text
  3. Lim ES, Fregoso OI, McCoy CO, Matsen FA, Malik HS, Emerman M. (2012) The ability of primate lentiviruses to degrade the monocyte restriction factor SAMHD1 preceded the birth of the viral accessory protein Vpx. Cell Host Microbe. 11(2):194-204. abstract/full text
          - Previewed by Planelles V. SAMHD1 Joins the Red Queen's Court. abstract/full text


  1. Lim ES, Emerman M. (2011) HIV: Going for the watchman. Nature. 474(7353):587-8. abstract/full text
  2. Lim ES, Malik HS, Emerman M. (2010) Ancient adaptive evolution of tetherin shaped the functions of Vpu and Nef in human immunodeficiency virus and primate lentiviruses. J Virol. 84(14):7124-34. abstract/full text
  3. Spindler KR, Welton AR, Lim ES, Duvvuru S, Althaus IW, Imperiale JE, Daoud AI, Chesler EJ. (2010) The major locus for mouse adenovirus susceptibility maps to genes of the hematopoietic cell surface-expressed LY6 family. J Immunol. 184(6):3055-62. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0903363. Epub 2010 Feb 17. abstract/full text
  4. Lim ES, Emerman M. (2009) Simian immunodeficiency virus SIVagm from African green monkeys does not antagonize endogenous levels of African green monkey tetherin/BST-2. J Virol. 83(22):11673-81. abstract/full text